What is Sexology?

Sexology is the study of human sexuality in its many aspects. There are presently three fields of professional practice in sexology: research, sexual education and clinical practice.

Sexology is studied at the university level, but the modalities within which it is studied vary depending upon the countries. In some European countries, it is necessary to be a physician doctor first in order to be a sexologist. In United States, a professional (for ex a psychiatrist, a psychologist, an anthropologist) who is specialized in the field of human sexuality can be recognized as a sexologist.

It is important to highlight the fact that the only university in the word to offer a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree in sexology is found in the province of Quebec. This university is l’Université du Québec à Montréal. Thus, to be recognized as a sexologist in this province, it is necessary to possess a bachelor’s degree in sexology.

 With this bachelor’s degree, a person can work in the field of sexual education, either in creating programs that are adapted to the needs of people who will receive the formation or in intervening individually with people served by public or community organisms. Moreover, a certain number of sexologists educators will also get a master's degree in sexual education in order to deepen the knowledge acquired in their undergraduate studies.

However, to be a clinical sexologist, it is necessary to get a master's degree in sexology counseling. Being specialized in the field of sexual difficulties, clinical sexologists are the professionals that are the most qualified to help people with their sexual problems. Most often, clinical sexologists receive people individually or in couple. In some cases, group therapies can also be offered for people who encounter a similar type of difficulty. There exist different sex therapy approaches and, quite often, each clinical sexologist specializes himself or herself within one or a few of these approaches.